Choosing the Right Field of Study

A lot of students want to know what a particular field of study covers and what fits best according to their interest. Here are a few fields of study and their scope to help you choose the right field for you!!

Electrical Engineering:

Electrical engineers study and apply the physics and mathematics of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism to both large and small-scale systems to process information and transmit energy. To do this, electrical engineers design computers, electronic devices, communication systems, test equipment, and improve systems through problem solving techniques.

The field covers a wide range of sub-disciplines including:

  • Electromagnetics and wave propagation
  • Power electronics
  • Control systems
  • Electro-optics
  • Digital signal processing and communications
  • Telecommunications
  • Nanotechnology
  • Mechatronics
  • Electromagnetics and wave propagation,
  • Optoelectronics,
  • Nanostructures and devices,
  • Computer engineering. (Is considered separate discipline in its own right)

Computer Engineering:

Computer engineers work for companies that build or use computer-based systems, such as telecommunications, automotive, aerospace, etc. Many computer engineers also get jobs as programmers. While they have less programming experience than computer science graduates, their understanding of hardware gives them an advantage in dealing with overall systems. Computer engineers have the option of moving into hardware or software positions, or blending the two.

While sharing much history and many areas of interest with computer science, computer engineering concentrates its effort on the ways in which computing ideas are mapped into working physical systems. Emerging equally from the disciplines of computer science and electrical engineering, computer engineering rests on the intellectual foundations of these disciplines, the basic physical sciences and mathematics.

The field covers sub-disciplines as follows:

  • Embedded Systems
  • Networking
  • Design automation
  • Machine intelligence
  • Compilers
  • Computer Security
  • Coding, cryptography, and information protection
  • Communications and wireless networks
  • Robotics
  • Integrated circuits, VLSI design, testing and CAD
  • Signal, image and speech processing

Computer Science:

Computer Science is the study of principles, applications, and technologies of computing and computers. It involves the study of data and data structures and the algorithms to process these structures; of principles of computer architecture-both hardware and software; of problem-solving and design methodologies; of computer-related topics such as numerical analysis, operations research, and artificial intelligence; and of language design, structure, and translation technique. Computer Science provides a foundation of knowledge for students with career objectives in a wide range of computing and computer-related professions.

Computer science covers the following areas:

  • Software Development
  • Database Administration
  • Computer Hardware Engineering
  • Computer Systems Analysis
  • Computer Network Architecture
  • Web Development
  • Information Security Analysis
  • Computer Programming

Software Engineering

Software engineers design and develop many types of software, including computer games, business applications, operating systems, network control systems, and middleware. They must be experts in the theory of computing systems, the structure of software, and the nature and limitations of hardware to ensure that the underlying systems will work properly.  They apply the theories and principles of computer science and mathematical analysis to create, test, and evaluate the software applications and systems that make computers work.

Software engineering covers the following areas:

  • Requirements engineering
  • Software Design
  • Software Construction
  • Software Testing
  • Software Maintenance
  • Software Configuration Management
  • Software Engineering Management
  • Software Quality Management

Management Information Systems (MIS)

MIS is short for Management Information Systems and focuses on solving business problems and creating new opportunities with technology. MIS is also often shortened to Information Systems (IS). MIS is a blend of business, analytics and technology. MIS professionals are business-oriented, technically proficient individuals. An MIS professional will typically not write large and complex computer programs but should know how the code works.

MIS jobs covers the following areas:

  • Business Analysis
  • Systems Analysis
  • Project Management
  • Information Technology Management
  • Data Analysis
  • Business Intelligence Analysis
  • Product Management
  • Solutions Developer
  • Database Administrator

Hope this helps!